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Mankhwala opha tizilombo, mankhwala oletsa kutupa, ndi mankhwala oletsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ayenera kusiyanitsidwa poyamba, ndipo zotsatira za kugwiritsidwa ntchito molakwika zidzakhala zoopsa kwambiri!

Nthawi: 2020-07-27 Phokoso: 178

①Ma antibacterial mankhwala: amatanthauza mankhwala omwe amatha kuletsa kapena kupha mabakiteriya ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito popewa komanso kuchiza matenda oyambitsidwa ndi mabakiteriya. Mankhwala opha tizilombo amaphatikizapo mankhwala opha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi maantibayotiki.

②Maantibayotiki: amatanthauza gulu lazinthu zopangidwa ndi mabakiteriya, bowa kapena tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tomwe timapha kapena kuletsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda m'moyo wawo. Kuphatikiza pa kukhala antibacterial, imagwiranso ntchito pa anti-chotupa, anti-infection, komanso kuchiza matenda amtima.

③ Mankhwala oletsa kutupa: mankhwala omwe samangokhudza momwe thupi limayankhira, komanso amakhala ndi zotsatira zotsutsa-kutupa amatchedwa mankhwala oletsa kutupa, ndiko kuti, mankhwala omwe amamenyana ndi kutupa. Muzamankhwala, nthawi zambiri amagawidwa m'magulu awiri. Imodzi ndi mankhwala oletsa kutupa, omwe nthawi zambiri timawatcha kuti mahomoni, monga cortisone, recombinant cortisone, dexamethasone, prednisone acetate, etc.; ina ndi mankhwala omwe si a Steroid anti-inflammatory, ndiko kuti, anti-inflammatory analgesics, monga ibuprofen, aspirin, voltarin, paracetamol ndi zina zotero.

Maantibayotiki ndi njira ya pathological. Ndi njira yotetezera yomwe imachitika pamene minofu yavulala. Komabe, zomwe zimachitikazo zikachuluka, zimapangitsa kuti thupi livulazidwe, motero kumawonjezera kufa ndikukhala wodzisamalira. , Ndipo izi ndi zovulaza thupi, m`pofunika kutenga odana ndi kutupa mankhwala. Zinthu zopatsirana komanso zosapatsirana zimatha kuyambitsa kuyabwa, kotero kusankha koyenera kwa mankhwala ndikofunikira kwambiri. Ngati ndi matenda opatsirana pogonana, monga matenda a bakiteriya, matendawa amatha kuthetsedwa kuchokera kumudzi chifukwa cha mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kapena maantibayotiki, ndipo kukula kwa mabakiteriya kumatha kuphedwa kapena kuletsedwa. Kawirikawiri, mumalandira anti-infection Pambuyo pa chithandizo, kuyankha kotupa kumatha kuyendetsedwa bwino. Ngati zimayambitsidwa ndi zinthu zopanda matenda, gwiritsani ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo m'malo mwake, ndipo m'malo mwake mugwiritseni ntchito mankhwala oletsa kutupa kuti mugwiritse ntchito minofu yowonongeka kuti mukwaniritse zotsatira zotsutsana ndi zotupa ndi analgesic. M’malo mwake, ngati mankhwalawa agwiritsidwa ntchito mwachisawawa, n’zosavuta kuti mankhwalawo akhale olakwika, ndipo zizindikiro zake sizingathetse gwero lake. Ngakhale zomwe zimatchedwa "anti-inflammatory drugs" zimatengedwa, ndizosavuta kuyambitsa kuyambiranso ndipo vutoli silikhala bwino.

Kuphatikiza apo, kulephera kusiyanitsa momveka bwino pakati pa mitundu iyi ya mankhwalawa kwapangitsa kuti m'malo mwangozi alowe m'malo mwa antibacterial kapena mahomoni. "M'malo mwa mankhwala odana ndi matenda" ndi "kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo" kale ndi mavuto awiri aakulu kwambiri, ndipo zovulaza zomwe zimayambitsidwa sizingapewedwe. . Kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala oletsa mabakiteriya, kaya kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kwanthawi zonse kapena kuchulukirachulukira, kungayambitse kukonzanso kwa bakiteriya. Kuwonjezeka kwa zovuta kumabweretsa kusagwira ntchito kwa chithandizo choyambirira, ndipo kumabweretsa zovuta zambiri monga kuyabwa ndi kuyabwa, zomwe zimawonjezera kuchuluka kwa mankhwala ndi kuzungulira kwa mankhwala, komanso kutengeranso mankhwala okwera mtengo kwambiri odana ndi matenda, kuwonongeka kwachuma ndi kuwononga mankhwala; Mofananamo, kusintha kwa mahomoni kungayambitse kudalira mankhwala osokoneza bongo, ndi mavuto aakulu, ndipo ngakhale kuika moyo pachiswe.